Department of History


  • Chair

    • Keith A. Wailoo
  • Director of Undergraduate Studies

    • Margot Canaday
  • Director of Graduate Studies

    • Michael F. Laffan (History)
    • Katja Guenther  (History of Science)
  • Professor

    • Jeremy I. Adelman
    • David A. Bell
    • D.  Graham Burnett
    • Margot Canaday
    • David N. Cannadine
    • Linda J. Colley
    • Thomas D. Conlan
    • Angela N. H. Creager
    • Yaacob Dweck
    • Sheldon M. Garon
    • Michael D. Gordin
    • Anthony T. Grafton
    • Molly Greene
    • Tera W. Hunter
    • Alison E. Isenberg
    • Harold James
    • William Chester Jordan
    • Stephen Kotkin
    • Emmanuel Kreike
    • Kevin M. Kruse
    • Regina Kunzel
    • Michael F. Laffan
    • Erika L. Milam
    • Yair Mintzker
    • Philip G. Nord
    • Willard J. Peterson
    • Gyan Prakash
    • Ekaterina Pravilova
    • Helmut Reimitz
    • Marina Rustow
    • Martha A. Sandweiss
    • Emily Thompson
    • Keith A. Wailoo
    • Robert S. Wilentz
    • Julian E. Zelizer
  • Associate Professor

    • Vera S. Candiani
    • Janet Y. Chen
    • Katja Guenther
    • Joshua B. Guild
    • Matthew J. Karp
    • Elizabeth Lew-Williams
    • Rosina A. Lozano
    • Federico Marcon
    • M'hamed Oualdi
    • Teresa Shawcross
    • Wendy Warren
    • Max D. Weiss
  • Assistant Professor

    • Rhae Lynn Barnes
    • He Bian
    • Michael A. Blaakman
    • Divya Cherian
    • Jacob S. Dlamini
    • Eleanor K. Hubbard
    • Isadora M. Mota
    • Jennifer M. Rampling
    • Jack Tannous
    • Iryna Vushko
    • Xin Wen
    • Natasha G. Wheatley
    • Peter Wirzbicki
  • Lecturer

    • Randall T. Pippenger
    • William J. Schultz
  • Lecturer with Rank of Professor

    • Francesca Trivellato

Program Information

Information and Departmental Plan of Study

The plan of departmental study encourages the student to gain further knowledge of the major developments in (and problems of) history, spanning a broad range of time and place.  Students also develop more focused expertise through independent historical research and writing.  Through coursework and rigorous independent research, the history concentration emphasizes both depth and breadth. The department's website, describes the program and requirements in detail.

The department encourages students to master at least one language in addition to English. Knowledge of another language is invaluable for senior thesis research, especially on topics in the history of continental Europe or the non-Western world.


Students are required to take and pass at least two departmental courses before they enter the department. Students who wish to enter the department but who have not taken two departmental courses before their junior year must consult with the departmental representative. At least one of these two prerequisite courses must be selected from the following: HIS 201, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 241, 267, 277, 278, 280, 281, 282, 290, 291, or 292. Students who have not fulfilled the 200-level prerequisite must take one of the appropriate courses in the fall of their junior year. (HUM 216-17 or 218-19 may be used as a 200-level prerequisite but cannot be counted as one of the departmental requirements.)

Program of Study

Course Advising

Before preregistration each term, each history student must consult with one of the department's designated undergraduate advisers.

Departmental Distribution Requirements

University regulations stipulate that undergraduates may not take more than 12 departmental courses. Departmental regulations stipulate that undergraduates must pass at least 10 courses, including HIS 400, in order to receive the A.B. degree. History courses taken in the first year and sophomore years are numbered among the 10 to 12 required for graduation. Of the departmental courses, one must be a course in European history (including Russia); one a course in United States history; one a course in non-Western history; and one a course in premodern history. No one course may satisfy more than one of these distribution requirements. Courses fulfilling the European, non-Western, premodern, and pre-20th-century U.S. history requirements are listed on the department's website under "Distribution Requirements."


The history department encourages students to take courses in other departments when they add depth and variety to their selected program of concentration. For example, a student concentrating in Russian history might identify an appropriate course in politics to take as a cognate; a student concentrating in intellectual history might take an appropriate course in philosophy as a cognate. Two such courses may be taken during the junior and senior years and counted as departmental courses provided they contribute significantly to the student's plan of study. Cognates cannot be used to fulfill departmental distribution requirements. Cognates can only be approved by the departmental representative during the course enrollment period and prior to attending the class. Courses may not be designated as cognates retroactively. Cross-listed courses (for example, CLA 217, also listed as HIS 217) are automatically considered departmental courses, not cognates.

History of Science

History majors wishing to concentrate in the history of science need not meet the departmental prerequisites or distribution requirements. But they must take 10 courses that satisfy the following pattern of requirements (note: an asterisk indicates a one-time-only topic or course):

  1. Two courses in science, engineering, or mathematics in addition to those used to fill the University's science distribution requirement.
  2. Four of the following courses (With the permission of the departmental representative, one of these courses may be replaced by a cognate course from another department, for example, in philosophy or sociology of science.):
    1. *277 Technology and Society (see EGR 277)
    2. 290 The Scientific Worldview of Antiquity and the Middle Ages
    3. 291 The Scientific Revolution and European Order, 1500-1750
    4. 292 Science in the Modern World
    5. 293 Science in a Global Context: 15th to 20th Century
    6. *294 What is the Scientific Revolution?
    7. *295 Making America: A Technological History of the United States
    8. *297 Transformative Questions in Biology (see STC 297)
    9. *391 History of Contemporary Science
    10. *392 History of Evolution
    11. 393 Race, Drugs, and Drug Policy in America
    12. *394 History of Ecology and Environment (formerly HIS 491)
    13. *395 History of Medicine and the Body
    14. 396 History of Biology
    15. 398 Technologies and Their Societies: Historical Perspectives
    16. *399 In the Groove: Technology and Music in American History, from Edison to the iPod (see AMS 399)
    17. *452 Magic, Matter, Medicine: Science in the Medieval World
    18. *472 Medicine and Society in China: Past and Present
    19. *489 The Scientific Self
    20. *493 '1, 2, 3, Testing,'. . . in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine
    21. *494 Broken Brains, Shattered Minds: Disease and Experience in the History of Neuroscience
    22. *496 History of Neuroscience
    23. *498 History of Pseudoscience
    24. *499 Things
  3. Four other history courses.
  4. The independent work and comprehensive examination requirements are the same as for all other departmental majors.

Independent Work

Junior Year

In the fall term of the junior year students are required to enroll in HIS 400 Junior Seminars. Work in the junior seminars involves exercises in defining a topic for historical research and in identifying and evaluating a body of historical literature. Each student may expect to gain experience in the use of the library and bibliographical sources, to learn the correct technical form for presenting evidence clearly, and to develop a historical presentation convincingly. Students in HIS 400 will have the opportunity to choose from a number of seminars devoted to historical events or themes of wide importance, such as "Origins of World War I," "Comparative Revolutions," "The United States and Latin America," and "Marxist Social Analysis and Historical Interpretation."

In the spring term of the junior year, in consultation with his or her adviser, the student selects a topic and writes a research paper on an independent basis. Written work equivalent to that submitted in the first term is required. The two semesters of junior independent work must be focused in two different geographical fields and in two different time periods. Students should consult their advisers about this requirement.

Senior Year

The independent work consists of writing a thesis on an approved subject of the student's choice. The thesis usually relies on research in original source materials, but it may also involve reinterpretation of familiar materials.

Senior Departmental Examination

The senior departmental examination in the department consists of an oral examination based on the senior thesis and related topics.

Study Abroad

Students in the department are encouraged to participate in those programs for foreign study recognized by the University (for further information, consult the Office of International Programs). The department has the following policies:

  1. Sophomores intending to major in history may count one history course taken abroad toward the requirement to enter the department. The course cannot be used to substitute for the 200-level prerequisite (see above).
  2. Juniors majoring in the department may receive credit for up to four courses in history taken while abroad for either a full year or semester. These courses will require the prior approval of the departmental representative, and to secure that approval, students will be expected to produce some evidence of the work load and the material covered by the courses.
  3. The department's spring HIS 400 junior seminar will be open to sophomores intending to go abroad in the fall of their junior year, thus enabling them to do their first junior paper in the spring of their sophomore year and preparing them to write the second while abroad or in the resident semester of their junior year (if they elect to spend only one semester abroad). Students who meet the requirements of junior independent work while at Princeton will still be expected to undertake a full course load while abroad. Moreover, to take full advantage of the international experience, study abroad should include some research work, and we urge students to take seminars that include a research component.
  4. As opportunity arises, the history department will seek to identify former students and colleagues abroad willing to act as junior advisers for Princeton students studying in their region.

Interdepartmental Programs

Interdepartmental programs of particular interest to history department students are the Programs in African Studies, American Studies, Classics, East Asian Studies, European Cultural Studies, Gender and Sexuality Studies, Hellenic Studies, History and the Practice of Diplomacy, Judaic Studies, Latin American Studies, Medieval Studies, and Near Eastern Studies. Students should consult the departmental representative and the director of the relevant program.


HIS 201 A History of the World Fall HA

An overview of world history. Begins with Genghis Khan's Mongol Empire, which collided peoples, goods, and ideas across the Eurasian landmass, and traces the global transformations that connected or disconnected societies through time. The dynamism of Asia; environmental specificities of Africa and the Americas; slavery and other links across the Atlantic; the surprise onset of European predominance; colonialism, anti-colonialism, globalization. What is the past and future of Islam? How is China's staggering wealth up to 1750 and its recent ascent explained? Where did the U.S. come from and where is it going? Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: J. Adelman

HIS 207 History of East Asia to 1800 (also
EAS 207
) Not offered this year HA

General introduction to major themes in the cultural, intellectual, and institutional history of China and Japan, with some attention to Korea and Southeast Asia. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: T. Conlan, W. Peterson

HIS 208 East Asia since 1800 (also
EAS 208
) Spring HA

The civilizations of East Asia at the beginning of the modern era; the impact of the West; the contrasting responses of China, Japan, and Korea to the confrontation; the development of the present societies. Assignments will be drawn from contemporary sources as well as from secondary accounts. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: H. Bian, F. Marcon

HIS 211 Europe from Antiquity to 1700 Not offered this year HA

The course deals with four main topics: the Greek city-state, the Roman Empire and the rise of Christianity, the formation of medieval European society, and the Renaissance and Reformation. Emphasis will be laid on those social, political, intellectual, and religious developments that contributed most directly to forming modern European civilization. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: A. Grafton

HIS 212 Europe in the World: From 1776 to the Present Day Spring HA

The emergence of modern societies from the Europe of the Old Regimes. Emphasis on problems and themes, including the French and Industrial Revolutions, nationalism, science and its discontents, popular culture, the mass movements of revolution and war. Intended as an introduction to Europe for students with little background in history. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: D. Bell

HIS 216 Archaic and Classical Greece (See CLA 216)

HIS 217 The Greek World in the Hellenistic Age (See CLA 217)

HIS 218 The Roman Republic (See CLA 218)

HIS 219 The Roman Empire, 31 B.C. to A.D. 337 (See CLA 219)

HIS 220 Jews, Muslims, and Christians in the Middle Ages (See NES 220)

HIS 223 Introduction to the Middle East (See NES 201)

HIS 240 The Perception of China and Asia in the West (See EAS 240)

HIS 245 The Islamic World from its Emergence to the Beginnings of Westernization (See NES 350)

HIS 280 Approaches to American History Spring HA

An intensive introduction to concepts, methods, and issues in American history, especially recommended for prospective concentrators. The problems investigated in the course (the Revolution, class and cultural relations, literature and society, and others) will vary. Emphasis will be on the framing of historical questions and immersion in the actual sources of history. One lecture, two classes. Instructed by: B. Lew-Williams

HIS 282 A Documents-based Approach to Asian History (also
EAS 282
) Not offered this year HA

An intensive, documents-based introduction to methods and issues in Asian history, focusing on topics that embed Asia in the wider context of world history. Especially recommended for prospective concentrators. The problems investigated (Marco Polo in Asia, Jesuits in China, Russo-Japanese War, Japan's Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, etc.) will vary. Emphasis will be on interpreting primary sources, framing historical questions, and constructing historical explanations. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 290 The Scientific Worldview of Antiquity and the Middle Ages Not offered this year HA

The emergence and development of natural philosophy in ancient Greece, with consideration of its Egyptian and Babylonian background and its subsequent articulation and modification in the medieval worlds of Islam and Western Europe. Emphasis is placed on the interplay of science and culture. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 291 The Scientific Revolution and European Order, 1500-1750 Not offered this year HA

Beliefs about the nature of the universe, the Earth, and even the human body changed drastically during the early modern period. This course examines this transformation of natural knowledge as a process of both social and intellectual reorganization. Explores how Europeans developed a new mechanistic science for astronomy, physics, and medicine with a dynamic culture of new institutions and technologies. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 292 Science in the Modern World Not offered this year HA

The evolution of science since Newton. Emphasis is placed on the major developments of scientific theory and practice since the chemical revolution of the late 18th century. Topics considered will also include: the development of science as a discipline; the connections between science and mathematics, philosophy, and technology; and the emergence of science as an integral part of modern societies. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Gordin

HIS 293 Science in a Global Context: 15th to 20th Century Fall HA

Science and technology have literally changed the world. This course examines how, with an emphasis on understanding the place of scientific knowledge in the history of European exploration and expanding global power. How did the sciences go out into the world? How did certain disciplines and practices take shape in global interactions since 1400? How does knowledge become universal? What instruments, institutions, and activities made this possible? Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: D. Burnett

HIS 303 Colonial Latin America to 1810 (also
LAS 305
) Fall HA

The principal themes of Iberian imperialism and colonial society from preconquest to the eve of independence. The main issues to be covered will be: Amerindian civilization, the conquest of the Americas, social and cultural change, and evolving economic relations. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: V. Candiani

HIS 304 Modern Latin America since 1810 (also
LAS 304
) Not offered this year HA

A survey of Latin America from the wars of independence to recent struggles for democracy. The focus will be on state formation in the 19th century, relations with the world economy, and changing patterns of social and political life in the 20th century. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: R. Karl

HIS 305 History of the Modern Caribbean (also
LAS 306
) Not offered this year HA

This course treats major themes in Caribbean social and political history cutting across the various empires, nations, and cultures that have shaped the region. It focuses on slavery and freedom during the 19th century and imperialism, authoritarianism, revolution, migration, and transnationalism in the 20th century. Race, ethnicity, and nation are explored throughout the course. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: R. Karl, R. Goldthree

HIS 309 History of Modern Mexico (also
LAS 312
) Not offered this year HA

This course studies Mexico between two historic defeats: that of the mid-19th century, when it lost half of its territory to the United States, and the defeat of the PRI's single-party regime at the polls in 2000 after over 70 years of uneasy rule. Topics include Mexico's transition from the richest colony in the Americas to a nation with unresolved social, economic, and political struggles; the causes of internal tension and how have different groups sought to solve them; and the question of why drug cartels have gained ground. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: V. Candiani

HIS 310 Religion in Colonial America and the New Nation (See REL 357)

HIS 311 History of Economic Thought (See ECO 386)

HIS 314 Precolonial Africa (also
AFS 313
) Not offered this year HA

A survey course that begins with an overview of the continent at the end of the third century A.D. and ends with the death of Moshoeshoe in the 19th century. Focuses on several great themes of African history: long-distance trade, state formation, migration, religious conversion to either Islam or Christianity, forms of domestic slavery, and the impact of the slave trade. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: E. Kreike

HIS 315 Colonial and Postcolonial Africa (also
AFS 316
) Not offered this year HA

The impact of European colonial rule on the traditional societies of Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries. One of the dominant themes will be the emergence of the intelligentsia in colonial areas as proponents of nationalism. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: J. Dlamini

HIS 316 South African History, 1497 to the Present Not offered this year HA

Beginning with a brief precolonial regional overview, the course examines European occupation following 1652; explores slavery, the frontier, intergroup relations, the growth of nationalism, the Boer War and unification, African resistance movements, the structure of politics, constitutional developments, and debates over race and class; and ends with the 1980s constitutional crisis. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: E. Kreike

HIS 317 The Making of Modern India and Pakistan Spring HA

An exploration of three major themes in the history of India's emergence as a nation-state: colonial socio-economic and cultural transformations, the growth of modern collective identities and conflicts, and nationalism. Topics covered include: trade, empire, and capitalism; class, gender, and religion; Gandhi, national independence, and partition; and postcolonial state and society. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: G. Prakash

HIS 318 Early Chinese History to 221 (See EAS 335)

HIS 319 The Making and Transformation of Medieval China: 300-1200 (See EAS 336)

HIS 320 Early Japanese History (See EAS 320)

HIS 321 Early Modern Japan (See EAS 321)

HIS 322 20th-Century Japan (also
EAS 324
) Fall HA

An analysis of change and continuity in modern Japanese society, with emphasis on industrialization, social discontent, parliamentary democracy, war, defeat, the "economic miracle," and Japanese preoccupation with national identity in a Western-dominated world. Divided between the prewar and postwar periods. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: S. Garon

HIS 324 Early Modern China (also
EAS 354
) Fall HA

China between the 1570s and the 1860s, from its early involvement in the new world economy to the crises of the Opium War era. Emphasis on the history and culture of the Qing empire, its success and challenges, with attention to family and society, religion, art, and literature. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: H. Bian

HIS 325 China, 1850 to the Present (also
EAS 355
) Not offered this year HA

China's transformations and continuities from the civil wars of the mid-19th century to the economic reforms of the 1980s. Topics include the opium crisis, the impact of natural disasters, the fall of the imperial dynasty, China's struggle with Western and Japanese imperialism, and experiments in government and society on mainland China and Taiwan since 1949. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: J. Chen

HIS 326 Topics in Ancient History (See CLA 326)

HIS 327 Topics in Ancient History (See CLA 327)

HIS 328 Classical Historians and Their Philosophies of History (See CLA 324)

HIS 329 Roman Law (See CLA 325)

HIS 330 The Muslim Mediterranean (also
HLS 330
) Not offered this year HA

Although the word "Mediterranean" evokes images of Italy and Spain, much, if not most, of the Mediterranean has been under some form of Muslim rule--whether Arab or Turkish--since the 7th century C.E. This course will explore the Muslim experience of, and impact on, the Mediterranean world from the medieval period through the 20th century. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: M. Greene

HIS 331 Religion, Gender, and Sexuality in Early Latin America (See REL 378)

HIS 334 The Making of the Modern Middle East (See NES 337)

HIS 336 Modern Worlds of Islam (also
NES 305
) Not offered this year HA

An introduction to Islam in modern world history. What, and where, is "the Islamic world?" What have been the major developments in Muslims' historical experiences since the 18th century? How have Muslims themselves made, experienced, and understood modern history? How have Muslims and others shaped the world in which we live, and how are relationships between "Islamic" and other worlds to be characterized? What is the relationship between Islam and modernity? How can we better understand the place of Islam in history today? Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Weiss

HIS 337 The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1800 (See NES 437)

HIS 340 Culture and Society in Late Imperial China: 1000-1900 (See EAS 340)

HIS 341 Between Resistance and Collaboration: The Second World War in Europe Not offered this year HA

In the broader context of conflict between fascism, communism, and liberal democracy, the course examines various patterns and methods of occupation, collaboration, and resistance during World War II in Western and Eastern Europe. Topics to be discussed include the Holocaust of European Jewry and the technology of terror; the impact of war and occupation on elites and other social strata. Students will read historical studies as well as personal narratives by eyewitnesses and participants. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 342 Southeast Asia's Global History (also
EAS 342
NES 343
) Spring HA

Provides an introduction to Southeast Asia and its prominent place in global history NES 343 through a series of encounters in time, from Marco Polo in Sumatra to the latest events in such buzzing cities as Bangkok, Jakarta, and Hanoi. For the early modern period we will read various primary sources before turning to consider a series of diverse colonial impacts across the region (European, American, and Asian), and then the mechanisms underpinning the formation of some of the most vibrant, and sometimes turbulent, countries on the world stage. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: M. Laffan

HIS 343 The Formation of Europe in the First Millennium (also
CLA 343
HLS 343
MED 343
) Fall HA

A study of the emergence of a distinctive Western European civilization out of Christian, Greco-Roman, and Germanic institutions and ideas from the decline of the Roman Empire to about A.D. 1050. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: H. Reimitz

HIS 344 The Civilization of the High Middle Ages (also
CLA 344
MED 344
) Not offered this year HA

An analysis of typical institutions, social and economic structures, and forms of thought and expression from about 1050 to about 1350. Emphasis is placed on the elements of medieval civilization that have influenced the subsequent history of European peoples. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: W. Jordan

HIS 348 The Hispanic World, 1400-1800 Not offered this year HA

Long before Victorian Britain became synonymous with world empire, there was Spain. In the 16th century, the kingdoms of medieval Iberia banded together to forge the first global monarchy, reaching from Latin America to the Philippines--only to watch it disintegrate in the 17th and 18th centuries. Understanding Spain's Golden Age is essential for interpreting not only the histories of modern Spain and Latin America, but also the history of the early modern world. Topics include the creation of Spanish identity; Christian, Muslim, and Jewish relations; the Renaissance; the governance of Empire; imperial decline; and the Enlightenment. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 349 The Arab-Israeli Conflict (See NES 338)

HIS 351 France, 1815 to the Present Spring HA

The political and social history of France from Napoleon to the Fifth Republic. The impact of revolution, industrialization, and war on French society in the 19th and 20th centuries. Particular attention will be paid to movements of popular revolt and the efforts of elites--rural, bourgeois, and technocratic--to maintain control in the face of social ferment. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: P. Nord

HIS 352 From Luther to Napoleon: Early Modern Germany, 1495-1806 Not offered this year HA

This course traces the tumultuous history of the German lands in the early modern period, from the reforms in the institutions of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in 1495 until the abolition of the Empire during the Napoleonic Wars (1806). Topics covered include the Holy Roman Empire, the Reformation, the Thirty Years War, the Peace of Westphalia, Frederick the Great and the rise of Prussia, the German Enlightenment, the French Revolution in Germany, and the Napoleonic experience. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Y. Mintzker

HIS 353 God, Satan, Goddesses, and Monsters: How Their Stories Play in Art, Culture, and Politics (See REL 350)

HIS 355 Transformation of the Ancient World: Byzantium 500-1200 (also
HLS 355
CLA 355
) Not offered this year HA

Introduces the history and culture of Byzantium, with some material on the medieval European world to the West and the Islamic states to the East. We will focus on the development of Byzantine society and economy, on how the state worked, and how Byzantium related to its neighbors to both the West and the East. Why did the Eastern Roman empire survive the barbarian invasions of the 5th and 6th centuries? How was the state ruled and by whom? How did it deal with the powerful Islamic states to the East? How and why did the Byzantines arouse the hostility and suspicion of the medieval West and the papacy? Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: J. Haldon

HIS 358 History of the Balkans (also
HLS 358
) Not offered this year HA

Examines the rise of nationalism in the Balkans, beginning with an examination of Balkan society under the Ottomans and continuing up through the establishment of nation-states in the 19th and 20th centuries. Case studies will include Greece, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Albania. Themes covered: social organization, prenational politics, imperialism, cultural and economic elites, the Ottoman heritage. One lecture, two preceptorials. Instructed by: M. Greene

HIS 359 Modern Jewish History: 1750-Present (also
JDS 359
) Spring HA

This course surveys the breadth of Jewish experience from the era of the Enlightenment to the contemporary period. Tracing the development of Jewish cultures and communities in Europe and the United States against the background of general history, the course focuses on themes such as the transformation of Jewish identity, the creation of modern Jewish politics, the impact of anti-Semitism, and the founding of the State of Israel. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: Y. Dweck

HIS 360 The Russian Empire: From Peter the Great to Nicholas II Fall HA

Eighteenth-century enlightened absolutism: reforms of Peter and Catherine the Great, shaping of national identity and a modern state. Nineteenth-century tensions between reform from above and revolution from below, with a focus on the political role of social groups and special attention to the origins of revolutionary conflict in 1905 and 1917. Two 90-minute classes. Instructed by: E. Pravilova

HIS 361 The United States Since 1974 Spring HA

The history of contemporary America, with particular attention to political, social and technological changes. Topics will include the rise of a new conservative movement and the reconstitution of liberalism, the end of the divisive Cold War era and the rise of an interconneted global economy, revolutionary technological innovation coupled with growing economic inequality, a massive influx of immigrants coupled with a revival of isolationism and nativism, a revolution in homosexual rights and gender equality coupled with the rise of a new ethos of "family values." Instructed by: J. Zelizer

HIS 362 The Soviet Empire Spring HA

An examination of the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Soviet Empire. Topics include: the unfolding of single-party revolutionary politics, the development of Stalin's personal despotism, the violent attempt to create a noncapitalist society, the monumental war with Nazi Germany, and the nature of everyday life. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: S. Kotkin

HIS 365 Europe in the 20th Century Not offered this year HA

The history of Western and Central Europe since World War I viewed from the perspective of Europe's rapidly changing role in world history. Europe's political, social, and economic adjustment to the Russian Revolution, to the emergence of America and Russia as superpowers, and to the loss of overseas imperial possessions. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: A. Rabinbach

HIS 366 Germany since 1806 Spring HA

Sets German history after the Napoleonic invasion in a context of international politics, and shows how the development of a peculiarly German idea of the nation was a response to pressures exerted by European political changes and by the European state system. Examination of how, after national unification in 1871, German domestic policy in turn affected the whole world: in German foreign policy before the First World War, in the aftermath of 1918, and during the Nazi dictatorship. Treatment of the separate courses of the two Germanies since 1945 and of their position in world politics. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: H. James

HIS 367 English Constitutional History Spring HA

A study of the development of the English Constitution to 1600, with special emphasis on the institutions and ideas that form the background for American constitutional history. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: W. Jordan

HIS 368 England from the Wars of the Roses to the Glorious Revolution Fall HA

In the middle of the 15th century, England suffered a series of dynastic struggles for the crown. In the middle of the 17th another, rather different, civil war broke out. The course will trace the political, social, and cultural developments that rendered these apparently similar reactions to royal misrule so different from one another. In so doing, it will seek to describe and explain the origins and causes of the English Revolution. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: E. Hubbard

HIS 369 Britain 1688-1815: From Revolution to Global Pre-eminence Not offered this year HA

Explores British society, politics, and culture between the English Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Major themes include the emergence of Britain as an imperial power (equal attention will be given to Ireland, Scotland, and overseas expansion); aristocratic culture and commerce; the Enlightenment and religion; art and leisure; and changes in gender relations. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: L. Colley

HIS 370 Britain from the American Revolution to World War II Not offered this year HA

Thematic survey of the social, cultural, and political transformations in the lives of women and men in Britain from the Industrial Revolution to the present. Topics include Britain's rise and fall as the first "modern" society and imperial power; national identities and civil society, gender, and class; democracy and imperialism; Irish nationalism and contemporary culture. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: L. Colley

HIS 371 The Colonization of North America Not offered this year HA

An overview of European colonization in North America, covering New France, New Spain, New England, the Middle Colonies, the Chesapeake area, South Carolina, and the sugar islands. Special emphasis upon social structures, labor systems, race, gender, religion, political cultures, and the problem of imperial control from Jamestown through the Great Awakening of the 1740s. Particular attention will be paid to the various and changing encounters of Africans, Native American, and Europeans, and to the importance of slavery in the colonization process. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: W. Warren

HIS 372 Revolutionary America Spring HA

The Old British Empire reaches its zenith, 1740-63. Crisis and disintegration, 1763-76. America's republican experiment and its difficulties, 1776-90. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Blaakman

HIS 373 Democracy and Slavery in the New Nation Fall HA

A survey of society, culture, and politics in the United States from the ratification of the Constitution to the Compromise of 1850. Topics include the rise of cotton slavery, Northern capitalism and class formation, the politics of cultural change, Jeffersonianism, Jacksonian democracy, and the political economy of sectionalism. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: R. Wilentz

HIS 374 History of the American West Spring HA

The history of the place we now know as the U. S. West, from European contact to the mid-twentieth century. Primary focus on the struggles over access to land, resources, and power in old and new Wests, with particular attention given to the role of visual and popular culture in shaping the national imagination of the region. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Sandweiss

HIS 376 The American Civil War and Reconstruction Fall HA

Surveys the causes, issues, and consequences of the nation's bloodiest conflict. Topics include slavery and antislavery, Manifest Destiny, the growing sectional conflict, the clash of arms, the transforming impact of the Civil War, the transition from slave to free labor in the South, and postslavery race relations. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Karp

HIS 377 Gilded Age and Progressive-Era United States, 1877-1920 Not offered this year HA

The rise of the modern corporate state in America. Primary focus on the development of big business in the years following the Civil War, accompanying social processes such as immigration and urbanization, and the political responses to these phenomena, particularly populism and progressivism. Other topics include labor, blacks and racism, women in progressive America, and the intellectual response to modernity. Concludes with the United States' entry into World War I. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 378 American Economic History (See ECO 370)

HIS 379 The History of American Capitalism Not offered this year HA

This course offers a broad overview of American capitalism from colonial times up to the present. It introduces students to the economic transformation of America from a rural colonial outpost of the British Empire to the largest industrially developed economic power in the world. The course will consider the political, social, geographical, legal, moral, environmental, technological, and cultural dimensions of economic life--all together attempting to provide a total picture of the historical characteristics and dynamics of American capitalism. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 380 U.S. Foreign Relations Fall HA

The relations between the United States and other nations from the 1890s to the present, treating political, economic, and cultural aspects of American foreign policy as well as the more important diplomatic and strategic problems. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: J. Fronczak

HIS 381 The United States South, 1865 to the Present Not offered this year HA

A survey of the American South from the Confederate defeat and emancipation to the present. Topics will include cultural conflict and exchange, segregation and racism, class conflict within a racist society, southern women, race and class in a political setting, southern music, the civil rights movement, and the South today. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 383 The United States, 1920-1974 Not offered this year HA

The history of modern America, with particular focus on domestic political and social changes. Topics include the Roaring 20s; the Great Depression and the New Deal; the homefront of World War II and the Cold War; the civil rights movement and the Great Society; the Vietnam War; the sexual revolutions; the Silent Majority, the Nixon administration, and Watergate. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: K. Kruse

HIS 384 Gender and Sexuality in Modern America (also
GSS 384
) Spring HA

An examination of changing patterns of manhood and womanhood, with an emphasis on women's experience. Topics include housekeeping, child rearing, birth control, sexuality, work, feminism, and the role of gender in religious and political movements and economic development. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: M. Canaday

HIS 385 The Role of Law in American Society Not offered this year HA

An analysis of selected problems in the development of public and private law in America. Lectures and class discussion, based on primary source materials, will emphasize law as a product of socioeconomic change rather than as a system of reasoning. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: H. Hartog

HIS 386 African American History to 1863 (See AAS 366)

HIS 387 African American History Since Emancipation (See AAS 367)

HIS 388 Unrest and Renewal in Urban America (also
URB 388
AMS 380
AAS 388
) Fall HA

From the colonial era to the present, this course weaves together a comprehensive history of American cities and suburbs, cutting across social life, politics, economics, culture, and the built environment. Topics include urban planning and design, public and private spaces, social experience, urban investment and disinvestment, the metropolitan economy, politics and policy, arts and culture, city leadership, and the participation of ordinary people in shaping urban and suburban life. Instructed by: A. Isenberg

HIS 389 American Cultural History Spring HA

Ideas, popular values, and cultural expression in the last century. The quest for certainty, freedom, and social harmony, as seen through the writings of contemporary Americans. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: R. Barnes

HIS 393 Race, Drugs, and Drug Policy in America (also
AAS 393
WWS 389
) Spring HA

From "Chinese opium" to Oxycontin, and from cocaine and "crack" to BiDil, drug controversies reflect enduring debates about the role of medicine, the law, the policing of ethnic identity, and racial difference. This course explores the history of controversial substances (prescription medicines, over-the-counter products, black market substances, psychoactive drugs), and how, from cigarettes to alcohol and opium, they become vehicles for heated debates over immigration, identity, cultural and biological difference, criminal character, the line between legality and illegality, and the boundaries of the normal and the pathological. Instructed by: K. Wailoo

HIS 396 History of Biology Not offered this year HA

An examination of the emergence of biology as a scientific discipline since 1750, focusing on the cultural context and social impact of changes in biological knowledge. Particular attention will be paid to changing conceptions of life, the institutionalization and financial support of biological research, and how interactions with the physical sciences have shaped life sciences. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: A. Creager

HIS 398 Technologies and Their Societies: Historical Perspectives Not offered this year HA

A historical inquiry into technological systems as the nexus between technical processes and human beings employing them. Exploring topics such as medieval cathedral construction and mills, steam-powered factories of the Industrial Revolution, the assembly line, and software technology, the course moves from the technical structure, limits, and possibilities of the system to the interplay between the social needs it fills and the social demands it makes. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: E. Thompson

HIS 400 Junior Seminars Fall/Spring HA

The junior seminars serve to introduce departmental majors, in the fall of their junior year, to the tools, methods, and interpretations employed in historical research and writing. Students may choose from a range of topics; assignments to specific seminars are made on the basis of these choices at the beginning of the fall term. Seminar topics tend to be cross-national and comparative. All juniors must be enrolled in one of the seminars. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 408 Selected Topics in 20th-Century Latin America (also
LAS 408
) Not offered this year HA

Research and reading on topics related to economic development and political change with attention to specific national contexts, such as authoritarian state and society in Argentina and Brazil; revolution and social change in Mexico, Cuba, and Chile; problems in Latin American foreign relations. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: R. Karl

HIS 411 War and Society in the Modern World Not offered this year HA

The interrelationship of war and society from the 18th century to the nuclear age. Emphasis on the causes, conduct, and consequences of war. Particular attention is given to the American Revolution, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, the American Civil War, and World Wars I and II. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 415 Intellectual History of China to the Fifth Century (See EAS 415)

HIS 416 Intellectual History of China from the Ninth to the 19th Century (See EAS 416)

HIS 417 Gandhi: The Making of the Mahatma Not offered this year HA

This seminar examines Gandhi's political life extending from his campaign for the rights of Indians in South Africa to his role in the struggle for Indian independence from British rule. Focus on those historical processes that turned M. K. Gandhi into a major 20th-century figure--the Mahatma. Issues relating to imperialism and nationalism form the context in which the seminar looks at Gandhi's life and seeks to understand Gandhian ideology and its different--often conflicting--historical appropriations. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: G. Prakash

HIS 419 Topics in the History of Modern Syria (also
NES 419
COM 438
VIS 420
) Not offered this year HA

This seminar situates cultural production in Ba`thist Syria (1970-present)--in terms of its conditions of creation, circulation and reception--within a broader framework, namely, the history of modern Syria. Through an exploration of historical debates in the scholarly literature on politics, aesthetics and culture, students will both contextualize and comment upon ongoing discussions surrounding contemporary Syria. The course engages with a wide range of media, from literature and drama to television and film. All readings are in English, although those with interests/abilities in French or Arabic will be encouraged to exercise them. Instructed by: M. Weiss

HIS 424 Intellectual History of Europe since 1880 (also
ECS 424
) Not offered this year HA

Major themes and figures in European thought and culture in the transition from the 19th to the 20th century. Focuses on the intellectual response to new forms of personal and social experience in the age of organized capitalism and imperialism, and the attempt to come to terms with the waning of romantic and revolutionary expectations inherited from the period before 1850. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Instructed by: A. Rabinbach

HIS 430 Communication and the Arts (See ECS 331)

HIS 431 Comparative Environmental History (also
ENV 433
) Not offered this year HA

Examines the processes, causes, and effects of environmental change. Drawing on different historical periods and world regions, including Africa, the Americas, and Asia, class readings expose participants to different models and approaches to the study of environmental change. The course focuses on such themes as environmental determinism, ethno-ecology, biological imperialism, deforestation and desertification, the history of famine and food, and the impact of war, technology, population growth, market forces, and globalization on earth's ecosystem. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: E. Kreike

HIS 433 Imperialism and Reform in the Middle East and the Balkans (See NES 433)

HIS 434 Nation, State, and Empire: The Ottoman, Romanov, and Hapsburg Experiences (See NES 416)

HIS 448 History: An Introduction to the Discipline Fall HA

An introduction to the discipline of history aimed at, but not limited to, history majors. Through case studies, students will learn how historians of the last few generations have framed problems, found and interpreted evidence, and built arguments. Participants will both study the major recent movements in the discipline of history and reflect on and improve their own historical techniques. The course will culminate with an examination of history and memory in the early 21st century. Prerequisites: successful completion of the department's junior requirements or comparable work in another department. One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: A. Grafton

HIS 460 Topics in American Legal History Not offered this year HA

An in-depth exploration of a topic in American legal history. In some years the course will investigate an event, such as a famous or infamous trial or case. In other years the course will explore historical dimensions of a particular legal concept, such as "rights," "coercion," "dependency," the "family," or "property." One three-hour seminar. Instructed by: Staff

HIS 467 Financial History (See WWS 466)

HIS 477 The Civil Rights Movement (See AAS 477)