Quantitative Economics

Program Offerings

Offering type
Minor

Offered by the Department of Economics, the minor in quantitative economics allows quantitatively inclined students to gain access to economics, with a course of study that is tailored to their interests and skills. 

Goals for Student Learning

  • To provide a course of study for undergraduates whose home department is in the natural sciences, mathematics or engineering and who are interested in economics. 
  • To provide a path to graduate school for students who do not major in economics. Ph.D. admission in economics typically does not require an undergraduate degree in economics, and some programs even favor degrees in mathematics and the natural sciences, as long as the candidate demonstrates a sufficient background in economics.

Prerequisites

The prerequisites for the minor in quantitative economics are as follows:

  • MAT 201: Multivariable Calculus, or one of the following accepted equivalents:  ECO 201, EGR 156, MAT 203
  • MAT 202: Linear Algebra, or one of the following accepted course equivalents: EGR 154, MAT 204.  Linear algebra is essential for many elective courses.
  • ECO 202 or ORF 245 Statistics.  
  • All prerequisite courses must be completed by the end of sophomore year, with a minimum grade of "C" in each.

Please note that for the Class of 2025, we will accept MAT 175 as a course equivalent to MAT 201, as long as the student achieved a grade of A- or better. 

Admission to the Program

Students wishing to apply for the minor must submit their applications by the beginning of  junior year.  For students in the Class of 2025, applications should be submitted by Monday, September 18, 2023. The department will post a form on its website where students can apply.

Students should complete at least one of the required core courses by the end of their junior year. Ideally, both core courses should be completed in junior year, but it is possible to complete the minor with just one of the core courses completed in junior year and the other in senior year.

Program of Study

Required Core Courses

Two of the three math-track intermediate courses: ECO 310, ECO 311, ECO 312.

Elective Courses

Three elective courses from the following group of courses:

  • ECO 313: Econometric Applications
  • ECO 315: Topics in Macroeconomics
  • ECO 317: The Economics of Uncertainty
  • ECO 323: Market Failures and Policy Responses
  • ECO 327: Firm Competition and Strategy: A Mathematical Approach
  • ECO 416: Fintech
  • ECO 418: Strategy and Information
  • COS 445: Economics and Computing
  • ORF 405: Regression and Applied Time Series

In addition, students may substitute more advanced courses (graduate courses) for any of the above, with the approval of the program director.

Students may only count a maximum of two courses toward the minor in quantitative economics and their major.

Independent Work

There is no independent work requirement for the minor in quantitative economics.

Preparation for Graduate Study

This minor will provide a path to graduate study for students who do not major in economics. Ph.D. admission in economics typically does not require an undergraduate degree in economics, and some programs even favor degrees in mathematics and the natural sciences, as long as the candidate demonstrates a sufficient background in economics.

Additional Information

Restrictions

  • Students who major in economics are not eligible for the minor in quantitative economics.
  • Students who do not major in economics can obtain either the minor in finance or the minor in quantitative economics, but not both.

Faculty

  • Chair

    • Wolfgang Pesendorfer
  • Associate Chair

    • Alessandro S. Lizzeri (interim)
  • Director of Undergraduate Studies

    • Smita B. Brunnermeier
  • Director of Graduate Studies

    • Jakub Kastl
  • Professor

    • Mark A. Aguiar
    • Orley C. Ashenfelter
    • Yacine Aït-Sahalia
    • Roland J. Benabou
    • Alan S. Blinder
    • Leah P. Boustan
    • Markus K. Brunnermeier
    • Sylvain Chassang
    • Janet M. Currie
    • Pascaline Dupas
    • Henry S. Farber
    • Gene M. Grossman
    • Faruk R. Gul
    • Kate Ho
    • Bo E. Honoré
    • Seema Jayachandran
    • Jakub Kastl
    • Nobuhiro Kiyotaki
    • Henrik J. Kleven
    • Michal Kolesár
    • Ilyana Kuziemko
    • David S. Lee
    • Alessandro S. Lizzeri
    • Atif R. Mian
    • Eduardo Morales
    • Ulrich K. Mueller
    • Pietro Ortoleva
    • Wolfgang Pesendorfer
    • Mikkel Plagborg-Moller
    • Stephen J. Redding
    • Richard Rogerson
    • Cecilia E. Rouse
    • Giovanni L. Violante
    • Mark W. Watson
    • Wei Xiong
    • Leeat Yariv
    • Motohiro Yogo
    • Owen M. Zidar
  • Associate Professor

    • Thomas Fujiwara
    • Christopher A. Neilson
    • Ezra D. Oberfield
  • Assistant Professor

    • Zachary Bleemer
    • Nicholas W. Buchholz
    • Natalie Cox
    • Ellora Derenoncourt
    • John R. Grigsby
    • Allan Hsiao
    • Gregor Jarosch
    • Adam Kapor
    • Moritz F. Lenel
    • Ernest Liu
    • Adrien Matray
    • Xiaosheng Mu
    • Jonathan E. Payne
    • Karthik A. Sastry
    • David Schoenherr
    • David Silver
    • Maria Micaela Sviatschi
    • Can Urgun
  • Senior Lecturer

    • Smita B. Brunnermeier
  • Lecturer

    • Swati Bhatt
    • Pierre M. Bodere
    • Emilio Borghesan
    • Hope Corman
    • Levi G. Crews
    • Caio Ibsen Rodrigues de Almeida
    • Thomas C. Leonard
    • Kelly Noonan
    • Maria Ptashkina
    • Fedor Sandomirskiy
    • Oscar Torres-Reyna
    • Florian Trouvain
    • Damian Vergara
    • Silvia Weyerbrock
    • Andrea Wilson
    • Iqbal Zaidi
    • Henry Zhao
    • JC de Swaan
  • Visiting Professor

    • Maria Fitzpatrick
    • Nancy E. Reichman
  • Visiting Associate Professor

    • Xin Jin
    • Carolina Villegas Sanchez
  • Visiting Assistant Professor

    • Oren Danieli
    • Farid Farrokhi
    • Florian Gunsilius
    • Andreas Schaab
    • Adrien d'Avernas
  • Visiting Lecturer

    • Joseph Abadi

For a full list of faculty members and fellows please visit the department or program website.

Courses

ECO 100 - Introduction to Microeconomics Fall/Spring SA

Economics is the study of the allocation of scarce resources. The subject of this course is microeconomics, which examines the decision making of individuals and firms with regard to consumption, production, and allocation of good and services in a market system. We examine the benchmark "perfectly competitive" market setting as well as market settings that are not perfectly competitive. We discuss the appropriate role of government in addressing these "market failures". Two one-hour lectures, and one precept. K. Noonan, L. Boustan

ECO 101 - Introduction to Macroeconomics Fall/Spring SA

The theory, and some of the evidence, of how and why national economies fluctuate, with periods of boom and bust, and periods of high and low inflation. Substantial emphasis is given to fiscal policy and monetary policy and the ensuing recessions in the US and abroad. Attention is also paid to international economic issues and to problems of economic growth. Special attention will be paid to the effects and implications of the pandemic and its aftermath for the economy and for policy. Two lectures, one precept. H. Zhao, R. Rogerson

ECO 202 - Statistics and Data Analysis for Economics Fall/Spring QCR

An introduction to probability and statistical methods for empirical work in economics. Descriptive statistics, probability, random variables, sampling, estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, introduction to the regression model. The class uses STATA as statistical software package. Prerequisite: MAT 103. Two 90-minute classes, one precept. O. Torres-Reyna, U. Mueller

ECO 300 - Microeconomic Theory Fall/Spring SA

This course builds on your knowledge of microeconomics from ECO 100. The general themes are (1) choices made by individual consumers and firms, (2) equilibrium from the interaction of these choices in markets or similar institutions, and (3) the role of government policy in improving economic outcomes. In each case, the analysis will be more in depth than it was in ECO 100. Some new concepts and techniques will be developed, especially for studying behavior under uncertainty, and strategic interactions (game theory).Prerequisites: 100, MAT 175 or equivalent. Two 90-minute lectures, and one precept. A. Wilson, S. Chassang

ECO 301 - Macroeconomics Fall/Spring SA

The determinants of national income, unemployment, inflation, interest rates and exchange rates. Includes analyses of business cycles, monetary and fiscal policies, consumption, investment, economic growth, and issues in international monetary macroeconomics. Two lectures, one precept. Prerequisites: ECO100 and ECO101. I. Zaidi

ECO 302 - Econometrics Fall/Spring QCR

The objective of this course is to prepare students for basic empirical work in economics. In particular, topics will include basic data analysis, regression analysis, testing, and forecasting. Students will be provided with the opportunity to use actual economic data to test economic theories. Prerequisites: 100 or 101, and 202, or ORF 245; MAT 103 or equivalent. Two 90-minute classes and one precept. B. Honoré

ECO 310 - Microeconomic Theory: A Mathematical Approach Fall/Spring SA

Topics include consumer and firm behavior, market equilibrium, efficiency, an introduction to game theory, and information economics. Uses multivariable calculus and linear algebra to treat the topics in greater depth and to better prepare for advanced courses. Prerequisites: MAT 201 or ECO 201, or instructor permission. Two lectures, one precept. C. Urgun, A. Wilson

ECO 311 - Macroeconomics: A Mathematical Approach Spring SA

This course examines the determinants of economic growth, business cycle fluctuations, and the conduct of monetary and fiscal policy. The first part of the course develops a framework for the analysis of households' consumption and savings behavior and firms' production decisions, and uses that to analyze long-run growth and financial crises. The second part of the course extends that analysis to examine business cycle fluctuations, including inflation, unemployment. Current issues in macroeconomic and financial policy are discussed throughout. Prerequisites: MAT 201 or ECO 201, or instructor permission. Two lectures, one precept. C. Mantovani

ECO 312 - Econometrics: A Mathematical Approach Fall/Spring QCR

Statistical analysis of economic data. The two-variable regression model, multiple regression. Techniques for dealing with violations of the regression model's assumptions, including autocorrelation, heteroscedasticity, specification error, and measurement error. Dummy variables, discrete-choice models, time series models, and forecasting. Introduction to simultaneous equations. Estimation and testing of economic models will be an important part of the course. Prerequisites: MAT 201 or equivalent and ECO 202 or equivalent or instructor permission. MAT 202 is recommended. Two 90-minute lectures, one precept. L. Kosenkova, F. Gunsilius, M. Kolesár

ECO 313 - Econometric Applications Spring QCR

This course provides hands-on experience in econometric analysis designed to help students to acquire the skills necessary to carry out their own empirical analyses in economics. Various aspects of empirical research in economics will be covered, including development of testable economic models, appropriate use of data, identification and causal inference, and specification and techniques for estimation of econometric models. Prerequisites: 302 or 312; and calculus. Two lectures, one precept. Z. Bleemer

ECO 315 - Topics in Macroeconomics Not offered this year SA

By extending ECO 300-level macroeconomics, we develop alternative macroeconomic frameworks with financial frictions to understand business cycles, financial crises and public policy. The lecture begins with a historical overview of financial crises and basic financial accelerator models which emphasizes the interaction between borrowing constraint, asset prices and aggregate production. We then introduce financial intermediaries and government to study banking crisis, credit policy and macro prudential policy. Two 90-minute lectures, one precept. N. Kiyotaki

ECO 317 - The Economics of Uncertainty Fall SA

The microeconomic theory of individual decision making under uncertainty and economic interaction under asymmetric information. Topics include expected utility, value of information, risk-sharing in insurance and asset markets, contracting with moral hazard and adverse selection, and auctions. Applications include health insurance and finance. Prerequisites: 300, MAT 175 or equivalent, and basic probability. Two lectures, one precept. L. Yariv

ECO 321 - Firm Competition and Strategy Not offered this year SA

An economic analysis of the structure of markets and of corporate behavior. The development and interpretation of public policies, including antitrust legislation and direct regulation related to market structure, corporate mergers, restrictive and discriminatory practices, advertising, and research and development. Two lectures, one class. Prerequisites: 300 or 310, and MAT 175 or equivalent. N. Buchholz

ECO 324 - Law and Economics Fall SA

An introduction to the economics of law. Application of price theory and welfare analysis to problems and actual cases in the common law - property, contracts, torts - and to criminal and constitutional law. Topics include the Coase Theorem, intellectual property, product liability, deterring crime, incarceration as punishment, and social choice. Prerequisite: ECO 100. Two 90-minute lectures. T. Leonard

ECO 326 - Economics of the Internet and Artificial Intelligence: The Digital Revolution Fall SA

Using applied microeconomic theory and case studies, this course examines the impact of digital technology on markets. In a connected market, information is freely and instantly available to all participants. We ask how these features affect the way markets function. Topics include the economics of platform markets and multisided markets, the impact of the internet on the news media, education, health care and new industries, such as big-data driven industries, social networks, technological innovation and intellectual property, internet security, privacy and other regulatory issues. S. Bhatt

ECO 327 - Firm Competition and Strategy: A Mathematical Approach Spring SA

This course considers firms, markets and competition. We will study the theory of industrial organization, focusing on models of the way firms make decisions and compete and the impact of those decisions on market outcomes such as prices, quantities, the type of products offered and social welfare. This is a more math-focused version of ECO 321. For most topics considered, we will write down and solve a model of firm behavior, before considering real-world examples of the phenomenon the model seeks to analyze. We will use the examples to assess the model's ability to capture real-world outcomes. K. Ho

ECO 328 - Disease Ecology, Economics, and Policy (also EEB 304/ENV 304/SPI 455) Fall SEN

ECO 329 - Environmental Economics (also ENV 319/SPI 306) Fall SA

ECO 331 - Economics of the Labor Market Fall SA

Applies microeconomic analysis to the demand for labor, labor supply, and the determination of wages. Examines investments in human capital, unemployment, discrimination, unions, government intervention in the labor market. Empirical findings as well as theoretical models are studied. Prerequisites: 100, 302, and MAT 175 or equivalent. Two lectures, one precept. O. Ashenfelter

ECO 332 - Economics of Health and Health Care (also GHP 332) Spring SA

This course will provide an opportunity to apply the concepts and methods studied in economics core courses to analyze selected topics in health economics. Topics will change from year to year. Prerequisites depend on topic. Two 90-minute lectures and one precept. K. Noonan

ECO 341 - Public Finance Not offered this year SA

This course develops a conceptual framework for examining government taxing and spending, and uses this framework to analyze current public policy issues. We focus on both the efficiency and equity aspects of the government. Staff

ECO 342 - Money and Banking Fall SA

This course explores the role that money, financial markets and institutions, and monetary policy play in shaping the economic environment. The class investigates why these markets and institutions arise and may lubricate the resource allocation analytically (rather than descriptively), using tolls of economic theory. Two lectures, one class. M. Brunnermeier

ECO 347 - Game Theory in Politics (also POL 347) Spring QCR

ECO 351 - Economics of Development Not offered this year SA

Surveys development economics including current issues, historical background, growth theories, trade and development, markets and planning, strategies for poverty alleviation, agriculture, technology, employment, industry, population, education, health, and internal and external finance. Selective attention to particular countries and regimes. Prerequisites: 101 and 300 or 310, or instructor's permission. Two lectures, one precept. T. Fujiwara

ECO 352 - International Trade (also SPI 309) Spring SA

ECO 353 - International Monetary Economics Not offered this year SA

Foreign exchange markets and balance-of-payments accounts. Effects of incomes, prices, interest rates, and exchange rates on trade and capital flows. Effects of exchange rate arrangements and capital mobility on macroeconomic policies. Current policy issues: exchange rate management, macroeconomic policy coordination, managing currency crises, the roles of international institutions. I. Zaidi

ECO 361 - Financial Accounting Spring SA

The course deals with the judgments required to analyze and communicate information about economic events of a firm through financial accounting. The first several classes deal with concepts of asset, liability, owners' equity, revenue, expense and the accounting processes that lead to the financial statements. Next follows an analysis of the components of financial statements: long-term liabilities, revenue recognition and income management, inventories, long-term assets, impairment and leasing chaos, off-balance sheet financing, and current controversies such as income tax inversions. Rudiments of financial analysis and valuation. D. Byard

ECO 362 - Financial Investments Fall SA

A survey of the field of investments with special emphasis on the valuation of financial assets. Issues studied include how portfolios of assets should be formed, how to measure and control risk, how to evaluate investment performance, and how to test alternative investment strategies and asset pricing models. Prerequisites: ECO 202, ECO 310 and MAT 175 or equivalent. ECO 202 or equivalent may be taken concurrently, but students would remain responsible for statistical concepts as they arise in this course. Two lectures, one precept. M. Yogo

ECO 363 - Corporate Finance and Financial Institutions Spring SA

Investigates the financing decisions of companies and financial institutions in the wider context of the workings of financial markets. Topics include capital budgeting, capital structure choice, risk management, liquidity, corporate governance, and the interactions between corporate finance and the workings of financial institutions and markets. Prerequisite: ECO 362. Two lectures, one precept. Staff

ECO 364 - Introduction to Financial Mathematics (also ORF 335) Spring QCR

ECO 371 - Topics in Country and Regional Economics (also LAS 346) Not offered this year SA

These courses will provide an opportunity to apply the concepts and methods studied in economics core courses and electives to analyze the economic problems confronting particular countries or groups of countries. The choice of the country or region, and of the economic problem, will change from year to year. Prerequisites depend on topic. Two 90-minute lectures. Staff

ECO 372 - Economics of Europe (also EPS 342) Fall SA

Europe is at a crossroads. Political and economic integration in the European Union (EU) exceeds levels reached in the rest of the world. Economic integration affects trade, migration, agriculture, competition, regions, energy and money. Most euro area economies have been struggling with interlocking crises involving debt, banking and growth, which challenge the viability of monetary union. The EU is now facing a migration crisis. This course studies economic integration in Europe, the ongoing crises, and economic challenges facing EU member countries. It uses economic analysis to study policy issues. Two 90-minute lectures. S. Weyerbrock

ECO 379 - The Chinese Economy (also EAS 346) Not offered this year SA

Economic analysis of the Chinese economy after 1949. Economic planning, economic reform, economic growth and fluctuations, consumption, environmental problems, population and human capital, banking and financial systems, foreign trade and investment, legal and political systems and current issues. Prerequisites: 100 and 101. Two 90-minute lectures one preceptorial. Staff

ECO 385 - Ethics and Economics (also CHV 345) Spring EM

An introduction to the ethics of market exchange and of economic regulation intended to promote ethical goals. We ask how ethical commitments evolve, and how they influence competition and cooperation. We consider the moral dimension of outsourcing, sweatshops, wage gaps, price gouging, price discrimination, time-inconsistent preferences and policies that exploit them ("nudging"), trade in repugnant goods (such as human organs), poverty, and the inequality of income and health. Prerequisite: ECO 100. Two 90-minute lectures. T. Leonard

ECO 386 - History of Economic Thought Not offered this year HA

A survey of the history of economics, with emphasis on the origins, nature, and evolution of leading economic ideas. This course will situate economic ideas in their historical context, from Aristotle to early 20th century writers, to provide a deeper understanding of economic life and theories of it, emphasizing foundational issues such as the nature of human action and the social good; the role of the state in the economy; and the social and economic consequences of property, prices, money, production, trade and other defining attributes of commercial society. Two 90-minute lectures. Prerequisite: ECO 100. Staff

ECO 416 - Fintech Not offered this year

This course studies the impact of recent technological innovations in the financial sector. We will first study the microeconomic principles of using big data to design credit rating systems, financial platforms, digital tokens, and smart contracts. We will then study a range of applications such as peer-to-peer lending, cryptocurrency valuation, crowdsourcing, micro-credit, green contracting and central bank digital tokens. Finally, we will study the macroeconomic impact of fintech on the broader economy. J. Payne

ECO 418 - Strategy and Information Fall SA

Explores basic themes in modern game theory and information economics. Non-cooperative solution concepts for games will be developed and applied to the study of repeated games and dynamic interaction in oligopolistic industries, reputation formation, auctions, and bargaining. Prerequisites: MAT 175 or MAT 201, or equivalent. Some basic knowledge of probability theory is assumed. Two lectures, one precept. F. Gul

ECO 429 - Issues in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (also SPI 406) Not offered this year SA

ECO 448 - Economics and Politics Not offered this year SA

Questions at the intersection of politics and economics will be analyzed using economic methods. Particular emphasis will be placed on mathematical and game theoretic methods. The course will cover economic models of political institutions, such as elections or political parties. Topics include lobbying and interest groups, political business cycles, economic reform, and the size of government. Two 90-minute lectures. Prerequisite: MAT 203 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. Staff

ECO 461 - Entrepreneurial Finance, Private Equity and Venture Capital Spring

This course will explore how technology-based start-up ventures are founded, managed and financed. Specific emphasis will be put on the early stages of development. The goal is to offer perspectives on the "two sides of the coin": the entrepreneur's perspective and the financier's perspective and in particular the venture capitalist. Staff

ECO 462 - Portfolio Theory and Asset Management Fall SA

This course studies the asset allocation decisions and overall management of the risk and return characteristics of portfolios. It focuses on quantitative approaches to portfolio optimization, including dynamic strategies to control risks and to achieve investment goals; empirical studies of asset returns; and the money management industry. Prerequisites: ECO 202 or ORF 245; ECO 310; ECO 362 (no exceptions). Two 90-minute lectures, one precept. Staff

ECO 463 - International Financial Markets Not offered this year SA

A study of the assets and institutions of international financial markets. A key difference between these markets and others is the role of exchange rates relating the value of two or more national currencies. The course studies the market-making institutions, the market conventions and market practices as well as the interrelationships between different assets, their pricing, their trading and their use by corporations. Prerequisites: MAT 175 and ECO 202 or equivalent. Two 90-minute lectures. Staff

ECO 464 - Corporate Restructuring Spring SA

This course concerns the motives and methods of corporate actions such as dividend payments, share repurchases, recapitalizations, acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures, with a focus on the implications of such actions for the prices of a corporation's publicly traded securities. The course should be of particular interest to students considering a career in financial services. Introductory courses in micro economics, investments, and probability and statistics are prerequisites. One 3-hour seminar. Staff

ECO 466 - Fixed Income, Options and Derivatives: Models and Applications Spring SA

A study of models for the term structure of interest rates, bond prices and other contracts such as forwards and futures, swaps and options. The course develops the theory of arbitrage-free pricing of financial assets in continuous time, as well as special models that can be used to price and hedge fixed income securities. Prerequisites: ECO 362 (or FIN 501) and ECO 465. One three-hour lecture, one precept. Y. Aït-Sahalia, C. Ibsen Rodrigues de Almeida

ECO 467 - Institutional Finance, Trading, and Markets Spring

The way in which financial markets work and securities are traded can often not be reconciled with the notion of a frictionless and self-equilibrating market. In this course, we try to account for this fact and cover important theoretical concepts and recent developments in market microstructure, asset pricing under asymmetric information, financial intermediation, and behavioral finance. Topics include market efficiency, market making, financial regulation, asset price bubbles, herding, and liquidity crises. Prerequisites: 300 or 310. M. Lee

ECO 468 - Behavioral Finance Fall

This course discusses how inefficiencies arise due to psychology and limits to arbitrage. The psychology of investors shapes their preferences and may impair judgment. Whether these psychological factors have an impact on financial markets ultimately depends on arbitrageurs' ability to fight against mispricing. These issues will be covered through lectures and exercises that will foster discussions about cognitive illusions and speculative bubbles. Prerequisite: 300 or 310. 362 recommended. N. Cox

ECO 491 - Financial Risk Management Fall

This course will teach students about financial risk management through the lens of the financial crisis that began in August 2007. Topics covered will include market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, and systemic risk. Students will draw on their background in economics, finance, probability theory and statistics. The class will be in seminar format and active participation in the discussion is encouraged. Prerequisites: 362 and 465. C. Ibsen Rodrigues de Almeida

ECO 492 - Asian Capital Markets Spring SA

The course explores the increasing weight of Asia in global financial markets. It frames the discussion in the context of the globalization of financial markets, with emphasis on concepts of economic development, institutional reform of markets, and public and private market investments. Discussions combine analysis of historical trends and recent events with insights from practical experience in Asian markets. Particular focus is devoted to China and Japan. The course explicitly considers China's gradual shift toward a capital market-based financial system and prospects for the development of the renminbi into an international currency. J. de Swaan

ECO 493 - Financial Crises Spring

This course will use economic theory and empirical evidence to study the causes of financial crises and the effectiveness of policy responses to these crises. Particular attention will be given to some of the major economic and financial crises in the past century and to the crisis that began in August 2007. Prerequisite: 202 or equivalent, and 310. C. Wilkins

ECO 494 - Chinese Financial and Monetary Systems Fall SA

With its rapid economic growth in the past three decades, China already has the world's second largest economy. Meanwhile its financial markets are also being quickly liberalized and integrated with the rest of the world. As the current trend continues, there are growing interests to learn and understand the workings of China's financial and monetary systems. This course aims to serve this objective with a particular emphasis on understanding the role provided by the financial system in facilitating China's economic development, in addition to the investment opportunities and risk presented by the system to the outside world. W. Xiong